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bbin盘口网投 超全的英语介词用法归纳总结+练习,初中三年都在用,不容错过 赌博

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bbin盘口网投 超全的英语介词用法归纳总结+练习,初中三年都在用,不容错过

bbin盘口网投,介词是一种用来表示词与词、词与句之间的关系的词,不能单独作句子成分。今天给大家分享了表示时间、位置、地点、方位,还有表示工具、手段或方式的介词,以及其他常用介词。

一. 表示时间的介词

【帮你归纳】

★表示时间时,at强调钟点;

on强调星期、日期或某天的上午、下午或晚上;

in强调年、月、季节、时间段(常与将来时连用)或用于morning, afternoon, evening(noon和night前用at)前。

★“for+一段时间”和“since+过去的具体时间”表示延续一段时间,常与现在完成时连用。

★by意为“在……之前”,含有“不迟于……;到……为止”之意。

★“during+时间段”与延续性动词连用,表示一段时间内的动作或状态。

【考一考】

单项选择

( ) 1. i often help my mom do housework ________ saturdays.

a. at b. in c. on d. to

( ) 2. i get up ______ 6:30 in the morning every day.

a. in b. at c. on d. to

( ) 3. my uncle and aunt will come to see us ________ august.

a. in b. on c. for d. at

( ) 4. this boy was born _______ the morning of july 6th, 2010.

a. in b. for c. at d. on

( ) 5. — how long have you studied in this school?

— ________ this january.

a. from b. since c. for d. on

【帮你归纳】

★in表示在某一地区之内的方位;on表示与某一地区的毗邻关系;to表示在某一地区以外的某个方位。

★on表示在某物上面且互相接触;over侧重垂直的上方,反义词是under;above指在上方的任意一点,表示在某物上的高低位置,不接触,其反义词是below。

★across表示从某物表面穿过或沿某一条线的方向进行的动作;through主要表示从物体内部穿过。

★in the tree表示人或其他物体在树上;on the tree表示树上固有的东西。

大家可以参考下面的表格来记忆和运用哦!

【考一考】

单项选择

( ) 1. — where is this kind of wine made?

— it's made ______ france.

a. of b. in c. by d. as

( ) 2. how can we cross that wide river? there's no bridge _______ it.

a. among b. between c. on d. over

( ) 3. you must be careful when you swim ________ the river.

a. across b. below c. on d. through

( ) 4. the thief came in ________ the window last night.

a. through b. along c. across d. towards

( ) 5. in cold winter, the temperature in harbin often remains _______ zero.

a. above b. below c. over d. under

【帮你归纳】

★in表示用语言、声音、原材料等;with表示用具体有形的东西;by表示用某种手段或方法,接交通工具时,交通工具名词前不用冠词,后面也常接动词的-ing形式。

★on表示通过无线电等通讯工具。

★with / without sb.'s help意为“在某人的帮助下/没有某人的帮助”。

【考一考】

单项选择

( ) 1. — what's this _______ english, li wei?

— it's a robot.

a. for b. of c. in d. on

( ) 2. i saw mr. green talking with his son _______ the phone.

a. on b. with c. to d. in

( ) 3. could you give me a hand? i can't complete the task on time ______ you help.

a. without b. below c. with d. for

( ) 4. look! the little girl is writing ________ a pen.

a. through b. by c. in d. with

( ) 5. mr. brown makes a living ________ selling flowers.

a. along b. with c. by d. in

【帮你归纳】

★ by

1. 介词by最常见的用法是在被动句中引出施动者,意为“被……”。

2. 介词by表示时间,意为“在……之前,到……为止”。

3. 介词by加表示交通工具或交通方式的名词,意为“用……,乘……,借助于……”。常见搭配有:by train/rail /taxi/bus/truck/bike /boat /plane /land /road /sea /water/air等。

注意:置于by后表示交通工具的名词不变复数,前面不加冠词,但指乘某一具体时间的交通工具时则须加冠词。如:

he left by the 10:30 train.

4. by表示方式、方法或手段等时, 后常接无冠词的名词或v-ing,意为“通过……,靠……,凭借……”。如:

i've dialed the number so many times, so iknow it by heart.

can i reach you by phone?

i sent the letter by airmail.

5. by表示经由、通过时,意为“通过……,沿着……”。常见的搭配有:by a stone bridge/the backdoor/the freeway/country roads等。如:

we came through the fields, not by the road.

★ through

1. 表示手段、媒介,意为“凭借……,经由……”,后面可以跟名词或v-ing。当through后跟v-ing时可以与by互换。如:

the young man succeeded through hard work and good luck.

we sold the bike through advertising in the local paper.

2. 表示空间上通过、透过、经过,意为“通过……,经过……,穿过……,从一端到另一端”。如:

it is comfortable to read a book when lightcomes in through the window.

3. 表示时间上通过、自始至终、从头到尾,意为“整个……,从……开头到终了”,如:

the writer often works through the night.

the children are too young to sit through a long concert.

★with

with意为“具有;拥有”;against意为“反对;倚靠”;表示在建筑物的楼层时用介词on。

★在it’s+形容词+of sb. to do sth.句型中,形容词为clever, kind, silly等描述人物性格特征的词;在it’s+形容词+for sb. to do sth.句型中,形容词为important, easy等描述事物特征的词。

★be made of意为“由……制成”,表示从成品中可以看出原材料;be made from也意为“由……制成”,表示从成品中看不出原材料。

【考一考】

单项选择

( ) 1. meimei is a beautiful girl _______ big eyes and dark hair.

a. in b. on c. at d. with

( ) 2. it is really kind ______ him to help those who are ______ trouble.

a. of; on b. of; in c. for; on d. for; at

( ) 3. all the desks in our classroom are made _______ wood.

a. by b. into c. of d. from

( ) 4. we'll play basketball _________ class 3 tomorrow afternoon.

a. over b. against c. to d. for

( ) 5. mr. green's office is ________ the 26th floor. you can take the lift there.

a. at b. in c. on d. for

6. if you're travelling _________ car, ask whether there is a parking space nearby.

7. we walked rapidly _______ the backdoor.

8. she was led _______ the arm toa small room at the end of the corridor (走廊).

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2020-01-08 09:56:40

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